Leviathan

“  זֶה, הַיָּם גָּדוֹל–    וּרְחַב יָדָיִם:שָׁם-רֶמֶשׂ, וְאֵין מִסְפָּר;    חַיּוֹת קְטַנּוֹת, עִם-גְּדֹלוֹת.  שָׁם, אֳנִיּוֹת יְהַלֵּכוּן;    לִוְיָתָן, זֶה-יָצַרְתָּ לְשַׂחֶק-בּוֹ.”

“Yonder sea, great and wide, therein are creeping things innumerable, living Thou hast formed to sport therein.”

Psalms 104:25-26

whale

Leviathan (in Hebrew “whale”) is a large sea monster referred to in the Bible. Leviathan is also known as one of the seven princes of Hell.

In the Bible, the word Leviathan describes all large sea monsters or sea creatures.

Leviathan is mentioned five times in the Old Testament: in Job 41, Psalm 74, 14, Psalm 104 and in Isaiah 27.

According to the Book of Job 41, Leviathan was an enormous monster that lived in the sea and was stronger and greater than any other animal known to mankind. The whole chapter describes a scary sea monster, as mentioned in Job 41:6-

“דַּלְתֵי פָנָיו, מִי פִתֵּחַ;    סְבִיבוֹת שִׁנָּיו אֵימָה.”

“Who can open the doors of his face? Round about his teeth is terror.”

And Job 41:25-

אֵין-עַל-עָפָר מָשְׁלוֹ;    הֶעָשׂוּ, לִבְלִי-חָת.”

“Upon earth there is not his like, who is made to be fearless.”

No one really knows what kind of animal the Leviathan was. Some say it could have been a giant crocodile, other claim that it was actually a whale and some even suspect that the Leviathan was some kind of a Dinosaur or a giant sea snake.

a dinosaur?

Main phrases of the post + transcription + translation

Hebrew

Transcription

Translation

עָפָר

‘āpar

Dust

נָחָשׁ

nāhāš

Snake

עֲנָק

‘ănāq

Giant

דִּינוֹזָאוּר

Dînôz’ûr

Dinosaur

חַיָּה

hayyāh

Animal

מִפְלֶצֶת

mipletset

Monster

לִוְיָתָן

liwyatān

Whale

Eli@eteachergroup.com

leran biblical hebrew


2 Responses to Leviathan

  1. Richard Lee says:

    I would like to give another way to view Leviathan. Thank you, Richard Lee

  2. Richard Lee says:

    Is. 27:1 speaks of a sea beast or reptile.
    Ps. 74:14 speaks of breaking the heads of Leviathan, along with other verses. Leviathan moves from the Old Testament into the New Testament, Rev. 13:1. We see a beast with seven heads and ten horns rising up out of the sea. Rev.17:12 informs us that its horns represent kings. With enough study it will be revealed that its heads represent kingdoms. Leviathan is a metaphor that represents kings and kingdoms, power and evil.

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